Borobudur is one of the oldest and greatest Buddhist monuments in the world, attracting millions of followers from all over the world.
Built in the 8th and 9th centuries under the Sailendra dynasty, Borobudur is located in central Java, Indonesia. Although the Buddhist architecture of Java combined Gupta art originated in Indian culture, the temple is full of indigenous elements bearing the mark of Indonesia.
Remains show that the temple was deserted centuries before Islam arrived in Indonesia. During that time, it was covered with jungle and ashes from the volcanic eruptions of Merapi. In 1814, Sir Thomas Raffles discovered the temple and since then, the temple has been continuously restored and protected. The largest rehabilitation project was undertaken in 1980 by the Indonesian government and supported by UNESCO.
Many people say that the reason for the missing Buddha heads was that a group of locals stolen and sold to traders from the Netherlands, India and China. Currently, more than 50 Buddha statues have lost their heads.
Visitors, however, still have the opportunity to observe the wonders of art through more than 400 statues.
The temple has nine stacks of overlapping six squares and three circles, in the center of the temple top, surrounded by 72 statues in bell towers. It is estimated that Borobudur is decorated with 2,672 stone reliefs and 504 Buddha statues.
Stone reliefs have a total surface area of 2,520 square meters. The whole structure shows the unique blend of ideas about worship and the concept of attainment of Buddhist nirvana.
Walls of moss bearing the evidence of erosion of time, but Borobudur still exist majestic and mysterious. Another interesting thing is that although the weather is hot but the stone walls inside the temple are still cool.
Each year there are millions of Buddhists and pilgrims visiting Borobudur. The pilgrimage journey begins at the foot of the temple, visitors will follow a path around and slowly go up to the top three floors. It is believed that, if you can touch the foot of the Buddha statue inside the bell tower on the top floor, all your wishes will come true.
Borobudur is open from 6am to 5pm everyday. Fares for foreign visitors are US $ 22 / person, and US $ 10 / person for students. The best time to visit is at dawn. Also, to save money, you can buy a combo ticket for $ 40 per person to visit Borobududur and Prambanan, the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia. This ticket is valid for 48 hours.